The Sahara Historic Survey • The Tuareg society • The Tuareg Woman Some Dates


The Tuareg society


he Tuareg society form a very prioritized, divided corporation in several tribes, of which the most important ones are the Kel Rhela, the Dag Rhali, the Issaqqamaren, the Ait Laoin, etc.  Their civilization and their customs distinguish clearly the Imuhar.  While the women go out unveiled, the men carry a long veil the "Tagaelmoust", which is a symbol of modesty and protects him from sand and sun. 

The Imuhar are monogamous, the filiation establishes itself by the woman, the children belong to the tribe and to the social class of his mother.  Here, the women assure education.  The Imuhar of the Ahaggar establish themselves in two economical social categories: the nomadic people and the sédentaries. 

The Kel Ahaggar are not themselves accomodés that from the XIX° century to sedentary life, but for economical needs.  During the reign of the aménokhal Ahmed Ag Mohamed El Bakri (1830-1877), the place Ideles(1840)knew the first agricultural techniques, imported out of the regions of the Touat (Adrar), Tidikelt (In Salah) and of Djanet by the bias of Hadj Ahmed (mayer of the Kel Ahaggar).  Ideles will be followed by other places like Tazrouk, Abalessa, Terhanânet, etc. 

The tribe of the Kel Rhali, worthy descendants of Takamat (companion of the queen Tin Hinane), are allegiance to the tribe of the Kel Rela (descending queen Tin Hinane), they are known as the Kel Ouli (owners of livestcok), for they consecrated themselves essentially to the cattle farm (goats and sheep). 
They nomadisent principally in the natural region of the atakor, that constitutes their area of prédilection.  One rediscovers them currently in big settled majorities in the hirafok regions of Idelès,  Terhanânet, Tagmart N’ataram and Tagmart n’aféla.

The Sahara Historic Survey • The Tuareg society • The Tuareg Woman Some Dates

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